Sets the contents of an existing file indicated by the “SetDefaultFileSpec” function.
TrFile_SetContents ( switches ; text )
|switches||these alter the behavior of the function|
|text||the characters that you want to write in the file|
Switches can be empty or one of this:
|-Encoding=BytesOnly||only characters in the range 0-255 are written, others are skipped|
This determines the character encoding of the text to be written.
You can also add this switch:
|-CRtoCRLF||use Windows line endings. Returns in the text parameter are substituted with CRLF (Carriage Return followed by a Line Feed) in the written file|
Data type returned
The returned result is an error code. An error always starts with 2 dollars, followed by the error code. You should always check for errors. Returned error codes can be:
|0||no error||The string of characters was written in the file|
|$$-1||genericErr||The file could not be opened for writing (You may need to create the file first).|
Other errors may be returned.
Troi File Plug-in 1.0
FileMaker Pro 16 to FileMaker Pro 2023
See also the functions:
“TrFile_SaveFileDialog” to get a FileSpec for the file and “TrFile_SetDefaultFileSpec” to indicate the file to affect.
Note that the maximum size of SetContents is currently 150 million characters which equals to about max. 600 million characters written. This depends on the encoding, for example one Unicode character encoded as UTF-8 can require up to 4 characters in the written file.
Use the TrFile_AppendContents function if you need to append more characters.
The default is -Encoding=Native, which is the current encoding as set in the system preference, for example on western Windows systems it usually is ISO_8859_1 or ASCII_Windows. On macOS the default will be ASCII_Mac. To be able to export all possible characters (like chinese characters) it is best to export with encoding UTF-8.
Assume your C disk already contains a file “Testtext.txt” which is empty. We assume that a global number field gErrorCode is defined. Create the following script:
Set Field [ gErrorCode ; TrFile_SetDefaultFileSpec ( "C:\Testtext.txt" ) ] Set Field [ gErrorCode ; TrFile_SetContents ( "-unused" ; "Hello there." ) ]
This script will set the contents of the file “C:\Testtext.txt” to the text “Hello there.”.
We assume that in your FileMaker file the following fields are defined:
gErrorCode Global, number gFilePath Global, text textField text
gFilePath should contain the path to an existing file, for example “D:\Hello.TXT” (Windows) or “Disk1:Hello” (Mac). TextField contains the text you want to write. In a script add the following scriptstep:
Set Field [ gErrorCode ; TrFile_SetDefaultFileSpec ( gFilePath ) ] Set Field [ gErrorCode ; TrFile_SetContents ( "-Encoding=ASCII_Windows" ; textField ) ]
This will set the default file to your file. Then the text is written to the file.
Used in example file